Understanding your Blood Profile

A list of blood tests done and part of the possible meaning

Glucose: Blood sugar level at the time the sample was taken; Hypoglycemia, diabetes, liver or pancreas issues

Uric Acid: A waste product of protein breakdown; poor digestion, gout, hormone in-balance, kidney function

B.U.N.: A circulating protein; kidney function, hormone function, digestion, affected by some medications

Creatinine: A protein by-product; urinary tract and prostate health, elevates in some muscle injuries

B.U.N./Creatinine: A simple method of evaluating kidney function

eGFR: Calculation of the filtration rate of the kidneys; when low indicates kidney dysfunction

Sodium: An essential mineral (electrolyte); Not table salt, fatigue, poor diet, kidneys, heart, nervousness

Potassium: Electrolyte; Fatigue, kidneys, blood pressure, heart, nervousness, anemia

Chloride: Electrolyte; Fatigue, kidneys, blood pressure, heart, nervousness, anemia

Calcium: Essential mineral; Bone health, osteoporosis, nervousness, diet, parathyroid gland function

Phosphorous: A mineral that helps in the metabolism of calcium; Often linked to vitamin D

Usable Calcium: The calcium your body is using (irregardless to how much is in circulation); Bone health

Calcium/Albumin: A ratio that helps understand protein metabolism, since calcium and protein are linked.

Magnesium: Relates to bone health, heart function, bowel function, and hormone related conditions

Total Protein: Reflects how well protein is being digested; also relates to kidney function

Albumin: More detailed information on how protein is being digested

Globulin: More detailed information on how protein is being digested

A/G Ratio: How protein is being used. When high it is a common indicator of dehydration

Total bilirubin: Liver and gall bladder function

Alkaline Phos: Altered can indicate liver or bone disease and/or vitamin deficiencies

LDH: An enzyme made in all of the the cells in the body; it indicates overall speed of cell destruction

SGOT / AST: Enzymes which mainly indicate liver and pancreas function

SGPT / ALT: Enzymes that reflect mainly liver and pancreas function

Gamma GT: Enzymes that reflect mainly liver and pancreas function

Iron: A mineral necessary for normal red blood cells; when low it results in anemia and fatigue.

Cholesterol: Essential for hormones, enzymes and immunity; Too much or too little is a health problem

Triglycerides: Fats in circulation, made from fats and sugars in the diet; builds up easily inside arteries.

White Blood Cells: The total number of white blood cells - the cellular "Army" of your immune system.

Red Blood Cells: The total number of red blood cells; abnormalities are most commonly related to anemia

Hemoglobin: The oxygen carrying capability of your blood; also the weight of the red blood cells

Hematocrit: The oxygen carrying capability of your blood; also the weight of the red blood cells

MCV: Indicator of various types of anemia or other blood disorders

MCH: Indicator of various types of anemia or other blood disorders

MCHC: Indicator of various types of anemia or other blood disorders

Platelets: These tiny units are mainly responsible for clotting of the blood to stop bleeding

Neutrophils (Polys): Large White cells which attack bacteria; engulf bacteria and digest it

Lymphocytes: The "killer" cells which attack viruses and cancer cells

Monocytes: Special white cells which clean up debris following infections; will elevate in bacterial infection

Eosinophils: A type of white blood cell which is elevated in people with certain allergic reactions or parasite infection

Basophils: A type of White blood cell; may increase with infections

Bands: Immature white blood cells that are released into circulation in emergency situations

Absolute Lymphs: The total number of lymphocytes; when too low it means the immune system in compromised

Atypical Lymphs: An indicator of immune dysfunction

Neut / Lymph ratio: Elevates in infections and is commonly decreased in allergies

HDL Cholesterol: The good cholesterol (H = Heavenly); ideally is 1/3 of the total cholesterol

VLDL Cholesterol: Very Low Density Cholesterol; one of the bad types related to high fats in the diet

LDL Cholesterol: The not so good cholesterol ( L = lousy)

Cholesterol / HDL Ratio: A method of calculating cardiovascular risk; the lower the score the better

LDL / HDL Ratio: A method of calculating cardiovascular risk; the lower the score the better

Triglycerides / HDL Ratio: A method of calculating cardiovascular risk; the lower the score the better

Specialized Tests

A-1-Antitrypsin: A test the helps evaluate chronic lung problems, such as emphysema

ANA: A test for auto-immune conditions (When your immune system attacks your own body) such as: RA or Lupus

CA-125: May detect tumors in the uterus, ovary, pancreas, breast, bowel, lung, etc...

CA-15-3: May detect tumors in the breast, bowel. etc...

CA-27-29: May detect tumors in the uterus, ovary, pancreas, breast, bowel, lung, etc...

Candida Antibody: Tests for systemic reaction to yeast; common in severe fatigue & immune problems

CEA:  May detect tumors in the uterus, ovary, pancreas, breast, bowel, lung, etc...

Cortisol: A test for the function of the adrenal glands; responsible for energy level and several hormones

DHEA-S: A general test of hormone function and accelerated aging; necessary for other hormones to be made

Estradiol (estrogen): An essential hormone for men and women; too high or too low causes several symptoms

Hgb A1C: Represents your average blood sugar over the past few months; used to help monitor diabetes

Insulin: When insulin is high there maybe "insulin resistance" , which usually relates to diet

IGF-1: Insulin-like growth factor helps evaluate how rapidly the body is aging

LASA: "Tumor Marker" that helps evaluate cancers

Prolactin: Helps evaluate pituitary gland function

Pregnenolone: An essential hormone for men and women

Progesterone: An essential hormone for men and women

PSA: Prostate Specific Antigen helps to detect prostate cancer

PSA % FREE: The higher the "free PSA", the lower the risk of prostate cancer problems

T4: Helps evaluate the function of the thyroid gland

T3: Helps evaluate the function of the thyroid gland

TPO/TPA: When increased can indicate inflammation of the thyroid gland - Hashimoto's disease

TSH: This combined with T3 & T4 evaluate the function of the thyroid gland

Testosterone: Essential hormone for men and women; when low can cause various symptoms and health problems